Todays Carpet Trends

Going beyond beige

Long ago, when the choices of carpet were limited

to basic beige, the designers tended to treat it

more often than not as a neutral background for

rooms. These days, with numerous patterns, textures,

and colors to choose from, the carpet is quickly

emerging as the focal point in many interior

designs.

Although you may think the need for neutral carpet

has faded away, it hasn’t, as Berber is still an

excellent choice. Unlike the plain choices of the

early 1990s, the versions of today offer more

pattern and texture. Even the traditional types

of Berber carpet offer more visual interest with

more extreme differences in pile being cut thicker,

with deeper loop textures.

Color being sprinkled against a neutral background

will add interest and dimension while helping to

mask spots and spills. The flecks of color are

now appearing against tan, beige, and cream type

backgrounds as well as in other neutrals as well.

Colors and textures

The major shift in new products is going towards

layered color and softer texture in carpet. The

combination of pattern and texture will always

be a popular choice simply because it minimizes

soil and vacuum marks. The other advantage here

is that the color and texture offer a more

distinct styling and plenty of fashion appeal

as well.

The new products are rapidly changing the

perception of carpet as not only being a

background to showcase other furnishings to

the possibility that the carpet can become a

focus for design as well.

Construction

The new manufacturing capabilities have produced

several new looks with carpets that are constructed

with cut and loop yarns. Some examples include

bows, swirls, lattices, plaids, pin dots, and

several others.

By taking advantage of these choices, you can add

a great deal of interest to the room and in

sequence with the florals, stripes, and other

patterns on windows and furniture. The carpet

pattern and texture will also increase the

perception of quality and value in the carpet,

and will add a much broader element to the

surroundings as well.

These days, carpets can do more than just protect

your sub floor. They can add a new level of

comfort and warmth to your home, with literally

thousands of choices available. Carpet is

easier than ever to clean as well, making it

more than worth worthy of being in your home.

With several different trends and new and exciting

colors to choose from, the carpets of today

can make your house come alive. The carpets

will add new meaning to your rooms, making you

appreciate your home even more. If you have

older carpet in your home now, you shouldn’t

wait another minute to upgrade. Once you take

a look at all of the choices you have, you’ll

want to get that new carpet in now – as your

floor with want to thank you as well!

Synthetic Fiber Carpet

Nylon

The fiber nylon was introduced first by the DuPont

Chemical Company in 1938. Several years later, after

a great deal of development, nylon became the first

synthetic fiber to be used in the entire carpeting

industry.

The first 3 generations of fiber experienced many

problems with the worst being staining. The 4th

generation fiber of nylon had a mill applied coating

that solved a majority of the staining problems. The

ability of the fiber to repel water and oil based

spills as well as soil helped to propel nylon into

the top selling carpet fibers out there.

After several other changes, the DuPont company

introduced the fifth generation nylon fiber. This

stain resistant fiber would repel most dye stains

if treated in a reasonable time. This fiber is

more accurately called an acid dye blocker in that

it doesn’t allow acid dyes to penetrate and stain

the fiber.

The protective coating mill is applied and fills the

dye sites with anionic molecules.

Tip

An easy way to test fiber for the presence of a

fluorochemical is to cut a couple of fibers from a

non traffic area and apply a few drops of oil and

water mixture. If it beads up, then there is an

active fluorochemical present.

Whenever testing for the presence of the acid dye

blocker, you should again cut a couple of fibers

from a non traffic area, then immerse the fibers

in a red kool-aid mixture and wait for 5 minutes

or so. Remove the fiber from the liquid and

flush with neutral detergent solution. If the

acid blockers are present and active, there will

be no discoloration.

Polyester

The fiber of polyester was first introduced into

the garment industry around in the 1950s. By the

late 1960s, polyester was introduced into the

carpet industry as a face yarn. In hand, feel,

and appearance it is similar to nylon, although

it doesn’t possess that same resiliency.

Polyester doesn’t absorb water based spills, isn’t

affected by urine or kool-aid, but it will

absorb oil based spills. Polyester is non allergenic

and mildew resistant.

Acrylic/modacrylic

Both of these fibers were first used as carpet

yarns around the late 1940s. They disappeared

around 1988 due to the competition from other fibers.

In was reintroduced to the market around 1990

in Berber styling.

This was done so that people could take advantage

of the wool like appearance, hand feel, and the

fact that its more spot resistant, much easier to

clean, and not damaged in the ways that wool is.

Olefin

Olefin is the latest of the synthetic fibers to

be adopted to carpets. Once only available in

continous filament, it is now produced in staple

form as well. Olefin has a wide variety of uses

that include primary and secondary backing of

tufted carpets, warp yarns, and other uses as well.

Steam Carpet Cleaning

The process of steam cleaning your carpet involves

hot water being fed to a spray extraction tool or

wand, coupled to a pump vacuum power unit. The

cleaning solution is injected under pressure deep

into the carpet through water jet nozzles.

The water will then penetrate the fiber all the way

down to the backing. This action will loosen any

embedded soil, remove oil and grease deposits, and

get your carpet cleaner than it has ever been.

There are many types and makes of steam carpet

cleaners available on the market, ranging from small

portables to the large and very powerful truck

mounted units. The principle is the same no matter

what model you pick.

The models that are truck mounted are designed so

that only the hose and the wand are taken into the

area being cleaned. These units are very powerful,

delivering hot water and generating a high vacuum

recovery that can be powered by diesel fuel, gas,

propane, or even by the motor of the truck.

Most carpet manufacturers, fiber producers, and

professional cleaners endorse this process for

achieving soil removal efficiency. With the present

state of art equipment and technology, we are more

than capable of high production and cleaning of

carpet.

The real disadvantage to steam carpet cleaning are

the problems that are associated with over wetting

and longer drying times. These can be eliminated

however, by a skilled operator who uses equipment

that is well maintained and in good overall

operating condition.

Currently, there are two methods being used with

steam carpet cleaning.

1. This method involves a traffic

lane cleaner being sprayed onto the traffic lanes

and then agitated into the fibers. The entire

area is then cleaned by using a hot water extractor

that has a cleaning solution being injected into

the fibers through the wand.

2. The second method involves a free

rinse emulsifying pre-spray being sprayed onto the

entire carpet, then agitated into the fibers.

Steam cleaning procedures

1. Prepare the equipment and supplies. In

a pump or power sprayer you should mix the free

rinsing pre-spray. In the solution tank of the

extractor, mix the rinsing agent.

2. If you have a lot of furniture to move,

make yourself a floor plan.

3. If the area being cleaned has furniture,

you should remove as much as possible.

4. Thoroughly vacuum the carpet. If the

pile is crushed or matted, use a pile brush to

loosen the soils which will make vacuuming more

effective.

5. Pre-spray a good amount of the pre-spray.

6. Using a grooming tool, agitate the pre

spray deep into the fibers then let it sit for 10 -

15 minutes, making sure that it doesn’t dry out.

7. Extract the area using a portable, truck

mounted, or automatic carpet cleaner.

8. Repeat steps 5 through 7 until the

entire area has been cleaned.

9. Groom the cleaned area, replace all

furniture that was removed, then clean all equipment

that you used.